18th Century Turning Points in US History
As the 18th century dawned on the North American continent, four powers, the French, the Spanish, the British and the Native Americans were competing to see who would control this remarkable land. However after half a century of almost continuous wars, a new entity emerged: The Americans. It would be the Americans not the other four powers who would control what would become the United States. In the process, the Americans created, by the end of the 18th century, the greatest experiment in self-government the world has ever seen.
Web resources include downloadable documents:
* Teacher’s Guide
* Primary Source Documents
1. Program 1 1701 The English Board of Trade Creates Royal Colonies 1701 The French Return Soldiers to the North American Interior 1701 Yale College is Founded 1702 Colonists Sack St Augustine 1702 Cotton Mather publishes “The Ecclesiastical History of New England.” 1709 Quakers Erect a Meeting House in Boston 1713 Treaty of Utrecht 1713 Capt. Robinson Designs and Constructs a Schooner Total Time: 23:50
2. Program 2 1718 New Orleans is Founded 1723 The Maryland Assembly Requires Free Public Schools in Every County 1729 The City of Baltimore is Established 1732 The First Stagecoach Line 1732 Georgia Becomes the 13th colony 1732 Influenza Sweeps Through the Colonies 1733 The British Parliament Passes the Molasses Act 1735 Peter Zenger Acquitted of Libel in New York Total Time: 24:50
3. Program 3 1739 The Great Awakening Begins 1739 Black Uprising in South Carolina 1739 The War of Jenkins Ear Begins 1739-41 New Explorations 1747 The Ohio Land Company is Established 1750 Native American Horse Cultures Dominate the Great Plains 1750 Parliament Passes Iron Act Total Time: 23:35
4. Program 4 1750 The Flatboat and Conestoga Wagon Make Their Appearance in Pennsylvania 1754 The Albany Plan of Union 1754 – 1763 the French and Indian War 1760 James Otis Fights for the Security of People in Their Homes 1763 Ottawa Chief Pontiac’s War for Independence 1765 The Stamp Act is Passed 1765 Samuel Adams Forms the Sons of Liberty Total Time: 26:30
5. Program 5 1766 John Singleton Copley Paints “Boy with the Squirrel” 1767 Daniel Boone Views Kentucky 1768 Indiana Co. buys 1,800,000 acres from the Iroquois 1770 The Liberty Pole Riot and the Boston Massacre 1773 The Boston Tea Party 1774 The First Continental Congress Meets in Philadelphia 1775 Battle of Lexington and Concord 1775 George Washington Assumes Command of Continental Army 1776 Thomas Paine Publishes Common Sense 1776 The Declaration of Independence Total Time: 26:20
6. Program 6 1776 Washington Crosses the Delaware 1777 Congress Mandates the American Flag 1777 Second Battle of Saratoga 1777 John Paul Jones Sets Sail 1777-78 The Winter at Valley Forge 1778 George Rogers Clark Captures Kaskaskia 1781 The Siege of Yorktown 1783 The Treaty of Paris and the End of Revolutionary War Total Time: 25:50
7. Program 7 1783 Noah Webster Issues “Blue-backed Speller” 1785, 1787 The Continental Congress Passes Land Ordinance Acts 1786 Shay’s Rebellion 1787 The United States Constitution is Created 1789 George Washington Elected First President 1789 James Madison Proposes the Bill of Rights 1789 Alexander Hamilton Becomes Secretary of the Treasury and Shapes America’s modern Industrial Economy 1790 Benjamin Franklin Dies Total Time: 25:00
8. Program 8 1792 Benjamin Banneker Saves the White House 1793 Congress Enacts a Fugitive Slave Law 1794 The Whiskey Rebellion is Put Down 1794 & 1795 The Jay and Pinckney Treaties Protect America’s Westward Expansion 1796 John Adams Becomes the Second President of United States Inaugurating the Two-party System 1797 U.S.S. Constitution is Launched 1798 Alien and Sedition Acts Usher in a Bleak Period of American Political Freedom 1799 Eulogy for George Washington Ends the Century Total Time: 22:40
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